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Is the UPSC Syllabus and Exam Pattern Changes?

Is the UPSC Syllabus and Exam Pattern Changes?

The question papers of the UPSC exam are highly unpredictable now. However, on seeing the trend before 2010, certain sections in the question paper are quite predictable. There has been no change in the UPSC Syllabus since 2013. For the Prelims and Mains exams, the Commission releases the UPSC syllabus every year. This syllabus has been the same for the last 9 years. 

When the UPSC exam pattern changed in 2013, it created a huge controversy leading to uproars and debates in the parliament. The major argument was regarding the 2 aspects that include: The introduction of a mandatory English paper, and The removal of regional language as a medium of Mains. Consequently, all the speculations remained open when the government suspended the UPSC notification in 2013. 

Review of Some Dynamic Changes In the UPSC Exam Pattern 

The UPSC Exam Pattern was predominantly focused on History, Current Affairs, and Geography until 2009. However, in 2010, besides these subjects, it diverged its focus to Science, Environment, and Polity. Before 2010, the rough structure of the Prelims paper appeared like this:

  • Science- 40 questions
  • History- 20 questions
  • Geography- 30 to 40 questions

Some questions on current affairs were usually repeated and were related to common topics, such as books & authors, news specific personalities, sports, aptitude, science & technology, and polity. Additionally, there was also a paper for a subject that was optional. 

Before 2010, the questions were comparatively predictable, and the UPSC exam pattern could be determined from current affairs books and competitive exam magazines. However, the current trend of UPSC Prelims and Mains cannot be predicted at all. 

Furthermore, the UPSC candidates witnessed many modifications in the Prelims question papers. One of them is that the candidates are required to provide the correct answer to tricky True/False statements. 

Simultaneously, the Mains exam question pattern has also undergone several changes, just like Prelims. The focus is shifted to current affairs, environment, science & technology, and public health. Unlike before, two marks questions are no longer a part of the Mains exam now. 

UPSC Civil Services Exam 

The UPSC examination is held throughout the country to select the eligible aspirants for Civil Services, including IPS, IAS, IFS, IRS, and other allied services. To get hired for any of the posts mentioned above, one must clear all three stages of the UPSC exam: Prelims, Mains, and Interview. 

Moreover, it is pivotal to develop a UPSC preparation strategy that requires an extensive understanding of the UPSC syllabus to have the edge over your peers. BYJU’s Exam Prep facilitates the entire process of learning by teaching aspirants to think critically and go beyond the basic facts. Primarily, it believes in streamlining the complex problems, cases, texts, projects, and situations overlooked by most other online educational platforms. Join us, and boost your confidence to prepare for UPSC exams. 

Is There Any Change For the UPSC Applicants in the Age Limit?

Under the scheme of 2020 rules, the Government of India has decided not to increase the age limit or the number of attempts for the UPSC applicants. However, the Supreme Court has relaxed the upper age limit for the UPSC aspirants. The maximum age of the UPSC applicant cannot exceed 32 years, and only individuals below 32 years are eligible to apply for the 2022 UPSC examination. 

Some people supported the reduction of age for the UPSC aspirants. It’s because they believe that the training module and understanding level of a candidate is better at the time when he is young and in his prime. 

Will Optional be Removed from UPSC 2022?

Analysing the last few years’ trends, we can conclude that it takes more than 10 to 12 years to implement a decision. The removal of optionals in 2022 is still on hold and in consideration. So, as of now the Optional subjects are still a part of the UPSC syllabus. 


UPSC aspirants are devising a smart strategic preparation plan that is helping them to crack the UPSC examinations. So, what’s your preparation plan?